Pan European Networks - Horizon 2020 - page 209

H O R I Z O N 2 0 2 0 P R O J E C T S : P O R TA L
I S S U E S I X
209
P R O F I L E
S O C I E T A L C H A L L E N G E S : T R A N S P O R T
absorb collision energies in the unlikely event of ship collisions
without a risk of fatal accidents for road users or for passengers or
crew onboard the ship.
Even though the feasibility study involves only one design within
each main concept, several combinations between the main
concepts and other designs are likely to be viable.
Technically, by combining floating structures with anchoring and
mooring systems known from the North Sea, it is considered
possible to cross any of the fjords at any chosen location.
Another area particularly studied is how energy harvesting from
several renewable energy sources like tide, waves, wind and solar
can be integrated with transport infrastructure, and how the
corridor may be prepared for a gradual electrification with
supplying, charging and energy storage facilities. Although
renewable sources are often found to be uneconomical due to
high infrastructure costs, such costs may change considerably if
shared with other investments. At the planning stage we would like
to consider, to the furthest extent possible, how space and land
area requirements might be influenced by changes in energy
sources within the transport sector.
The research and development (R&D) programme is designed to
support an holistic approach whereby the carbon footprint from
strategic infrastructure is reduced through heavy research on
lifecycle energy efficiency, smarter materials and structures,
construction methods, and long term technical performance. Due
to several extreme structures the R&D programme has particular
focus on calculation and simulation models for extreme bridge
designs, their aerodynamic stability and seabed anchoring
systems. But it also focuses on how the size of contracts may
promote industrialised, smarter and less costly construction
methods, less emissions and lower lifecycle costs. If materials can
be improved we can use less of them, and one of the interesting
aspects being looked at is how the new material graphene can
contribute to modifying and improving the properties of already-
known construction materials.
Implementation and contract approaches for the large and
particularly demanding contracts are intended to draw on the
contracting consortium’s experiences and innovation potentials for
improving technologies, materials and building methods.
Contracting through competitive dialogues is considered
advantageous for several sections, and would allow innovation and
technical development activities to be included in such contracts.
Many of the aspects of the E39 projects are high profile issues in
international research, and many of the aspects being focused on
in Horizon 2020 applications are highly interesting to us. This is
also reflected in some of the Horizon 2020 applications of our
research partners.
The link below will take you to a video animation about the three
main technical concepts for crossing the Sognefjord:
Kjersti Kvalheim Dunham
Norwegian Public RoadsAdministration
te l :
+47 90144450
Fig. 5 The picture above shows an alternative for crossing the 5km-wide
Bjørnafjord south of Bergen, a multispan suspension bridge with two of
four towers on floating tension leg platforms anchored to the seabed at
a depth of 500-600 metres
Fig. 4 Option Bjørnafjorden with side-anchored floating bridge combined with cable-stayed bridge
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