Pan European Networks - Horizon 2020 - page 23

The cuts
Under the European
Commission’s proposed
regulation, the guarantee fund
will be progressively financed
between 2015 and 2020. As
part of the €2.7bn of funding
will be drawn from Horizon
2020, almost all aspects of the research and innovation framework
programme will have their budgets affected over the next five
years. In 2015, the Commission proposes to take €70m from
Horizon 2020, followed by €860m in 2016, €871m in 2017 and
€479m in 2018. In 2019, total funding worth €150m will be cut
from Horizon 2020, followed by €270m in 2020.
Overall, the Societal Challenges pillar will see the largest funding
reductions over the next five years, with a loss of €1.1bn. This is
followed by the Industrial Leadership pillar, which will be reduced
by €586m and the Excellent Science pillar, which will see a
€544m cut.
The European Institute of Innovation and Technology and the
European Research Council will bear the greatest individual
reductions, with €350m and €221.2m taken respectively. It is
proposed that €117.9m will be taken from the ‘Strengthening
research in future and emerging technologies’ objective, whilst the
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions will see total cuts of €100m.
The Commission plan will also see €306.8m taken from the
‘Leadership in ICT’ objective, as well as a €169.1m funding cut to
‘Leadership in nanotechnologies, advanced materials, laser
technology, biotechnology and advanced manufacturing and
processing’. Furthermore, the ‘Improving lifelong health and
wellbeing’ objective will be reduced by €180.9m.
H O R I Z O N 2 0 2 0 P R O J E C T S : P O R TA L
I S S U E S I X
23
S P E C I A L F E AT U R E : A N I N V E S T M E N T P L A N F O R E U R O P E ?
be defended against these kind of decisions.
EU legislators could help ensure that the EFSI
has better chances of succeeding by stopping
it from being set up at the expense of research
and innovation capacity. It is possible to achieve
but would mean avoiding a fast-track
procedure to rubber stamp the plan and instead
seriously debating where the funding could
come in order to cause less long term damage
than the current proposal. This would be a real
service provided by EU legislators to the citizens
of Europe.
European Association of
Research and Technology
Organisations (EARTO)
Research and technology organisations (RTO)
are greatly concerned by the proposed
regulation setting up the new EFSI. The fund is
expected to dig into the Horizon 2020 budget;
this will be detrimental to the only pan-
European research and innovation programme
running today.
Horizon 2020’s strength is that it addresses
grand societal challenges and supports
industry via the KETs. Deviating money from
these areas and the European Institute of
Innovation and Technology (EIT) to create new
loan facilities for one category of industry will
not bring much help to EU innovation
ecosystems. Supporting job creation will come
from enhancing research and innovation value
chains and ecosystems by supporting all their
actors involved: industry, RTOs, academia and
regional/national public actors.
The EFSI plans to cut the Horizon 2020 budget
while offering little reassurance that its projects
will effectively support research and innovation activities. Now, in the
hands of the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union,
the EFSI proposal clearly needs to be amended to avoid R&I being left
behind. Amendments to the proposed EFSI regulation should ensure that
funded projects have a clear R&I component. Projects should also
demonstrate strong involvement of all R&I actors, even when led by
industry or governments.
To ensure this, R&I actors should be involved in EFSI governance, as well
as in the evaluation of the projects to be funded. These actors can act
as independent advisors on the quality of projects proposed by the
industry or governments for funding. For RTOs, these are the necessary
conditions to ensure that research and innovation is appropriately
addressed in the EFSI proposal.
European University Association (EUA)
The EUA shares the European Commission’s belief that investment in
Europe’s competitiveness is crucial to our future success and supports
EUA member Imperial
College London: the
European university
body is worried about
the cuts to the MSCAs
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