Pan European Networks - Horizon 2020 - page 48

development of obesity due to a lack of
adaption to local cultures.
“This recognition is important to the future
of society in different countries; it also
demonstrates new difficulties for developing
regions. It is vital to make educated choices,
especially in China where the economic boom
has had a significant impact, completely
changing people’s culture and eating habits and
potentially having a detrimental and disastrous
impact. There will certainly be a huge health
problem in the future of the population.”
Obesity education
Ensuring a good knowledge of healthy foods is
key, says Perrone. Educating the public,
especially young people, on the importance of
their changing diets and how to eat healthy can
be key to helping to prevent the build-up of
AGEs. This is particularly true within the United
States, where processed food is readily
available and an obesity epidemic is growing.
“Tackling obesity is particularly important,
specifically in schools and in the education
system. If we look at the United States, we can
already see a high obesity rate amongst young
people, and it is likely these children will
develop Alzheimer’s at a very young age, in
addition to other medical complications – there
is increasing co-morbidity. These are real costs
to society, and action needs to be taken in
schools to prevent such developments.
Educating people in schools at a very young
age to eat less meat is important.
“People who consume a high proportion of
meat in their diet often do not eat a lot of grains,
developing Alzheimer’s. People need to start to cook properly and reduce
pre-prepared meals made.
“We need to battle against industry because of the cost to society and
our health of adding AGEs. We need to tackle this cost and try to convince
the industry not to use AGEs and additives, in addition to educating
consumers of these bad food additions.
“Changing habits and culture is important. Personally, I enjoy eating
uncooked vegetables and fish because I come from a culture that has
these customs. The important consideration to make is regarding the
amount of meat in the diet and its link with Alzheimer’s, and moving away
from such eating habits.”
International cuisine
Perrone then discussed the potentially detrimental impact, particularly
in the Far East, of changing international food diets and cultures which
are seeing an increasing intake of meat, leading to a build-up of AGEs
and the development of degenerative diseases.
“For people in Japan, changing their eating habits is much more drastic
because they are not used to having a meat-rich diet. However, the British
diet is much richer in meat and has therefore adapted accordingly.
Consequently, Japanese people traditionally have a very low rate of
Alzheimer’s incidence compared to those living in the UK or North America.
“The diets of Japan and China are developing much faster. For example,
if you took a Japanese person and moved them to North America or the
UK, you would see a dramatic change in their diet and a sudden
I S S U E S I X
H O R I Z O N 2 0 2 0 P R O J E C T S : P O R TA L
48
N E U R O D E G E N E R AT I O N
It has been found that
AGEs have a direct link
to the development
of Alzheimer’s
Roast beef has a high
AGE content compared
to other foods
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