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I S S U E S E V E N

H O R I Z O N 2 0 2 0 P R O J E C T S : P O R TA L

www.horizon2020projects.com

216

B I O D I V E R S I T Y

territory; how to address animal welfare

concerns; and permits for breeding species of

high social and economic value.

The committee also agreed that the information

support system should be improved, that the

public should have the opportunity to voice their

opinion, and that a dedicated scientific forum

supporting the decision making process should

be set up as a priority.

Tough negotiations

In the first trialogue, the Parliament, Council and

Commission held an extensive exchange of

views on their respective positions, which

initially were quite far apart. Key divisions

include the composition of the list of IAS of

Union concern, national derogations, permits

and authorisations, risk assessment, and ways

to involve the scientific community in the

implementation of the new regulation.

Despite the pessimistic view during the second

trialogue, negotiators were able to agree on an

overall compromise package that was endorsed

in ENVI as well as by all political groups. The

compromise found sees the potential to

strengthen the European dimension in tackling

the IAS challenge while providing sufficient

flexibility to EU member states to address issues

specific to their territories.

Key achievements

The new measures were agreed to prevent new IAS from entering the

EU and to deal more effectively with the ones that are already established

here. A list of IAS of Union concern will be drawn up with EU member

states using risk assessments and scientific evidence. At the same time,

the proposal allows member states to set priorities in line with the

conditions in their territory.

Efforts to minimise the impact of IAS will be coherent in EU countries,

covering the entire Union, and will be better co-ordinated, meaning that

their overall effectiveness will be improved. An early warning and rapid

response system will help member states to cut the damage costs and

further prevent the negative impacts related to the new invasions.

Composition of the list of IAS of Union concern will be established based

on common criteria and reviewed every six years. Species that are not

able to establish a viable population in a large part of the EU can be

included in the list if measures at Union level are more appropriate to

achieve the objectives of the regulation.

IAS of regional concern and species native to the EU will be addressed

by way of enhanced regional co-operation between concerned member

states, facilitated by the Commission. The effectiveness of the provisions

on species of regional concern and the need for and feasibility of

including native species in the list of species of Union concern will be

assessed on the basis of a review clause. In exceptional cases of

compelling public interest and subject to authorisation by the

Commission, member states may grant permits for certain activities

involving IAS.

Member states may also maintain or lay down more stringent national

rules with the aim of preventing the introduction, establishment and

An invasive species,

Japanese knotweed, is

causing damage

to buildings