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territory; how to address animal welfare
concerns; and permits for breeding species of
high social and economic value.
The committee also agreed that the information
support system should be improved, that the
public should have the opportunity to voice their
opinion, and that a dedicated scientific forum
supporting the decision making process should
be set up as a priority.
In the first trialogue, the Parliament, Council and
Commission held an extensive exchange of
views on their respective positions, which
initially were quite far apart. Key divisions
include the composition of the list of IAS of
Union concern, national derogations, permits
and authorisations, risk assessment, and ways
to involve the scientific community in the
implementation of the new regulation.
Despite the pessimistic view during the second
trialogue, negotiators were able to agree on an
overall compromise package that was endorsed
in ENVI as well as by all political groups. The
compromise found sees the potential to
strengthen the European dimension in tackling
the IAS challenge while providing sufficient
flexibility to EU member states to address issues
specific to their territories.
The new measures were agreed to prevent new IAS from entering the
EU and to deal more effectively with the ones that are already established
here. A list of IAS of Union concern will be drawn up with EU member
states using risk assessments and scientific evidence. At the same time,
the proposal allows member states to set priorities in line with the
conditions in their territory.
Efforts to minimise the impact of IAS will be coherent in EU countries,
covering the entire Union, and will be better co-ordinated, meaning that
their overall effectiveness will be improved. An early warning and rapid
response system will help member states to cut the damage costs and
further prevent the negative impacts related to the new invasions.
Composition of the list of IAS of Union concern will be established based
on common criteria and reviewed every six years. Species that are not
able to establish a viable population in a large part of the EU can be
included in the list if measures at Union level are more appropriate to
achieve the objectives of the regulation.
IAS of regional concern and species native to the EU will be addressed
by way of enhanced regional co-operation between concerned member
states, facilitated by the Commission. The effectiveness of the provisions
on species of regional concern and the need for and feasibility of
including native species in the list of species of Union concern will be
assessed on the basis of a review clause. In exceptional cases of
compelling public interest and subject to authorisation by the
Commission, member states may grant permits for certain activities
Member states may also maintain or lay down more stringent national
rules with the aim of preventing the introduction, establishment and
An invasive species,
Japanese knotweed, is