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H O R I Z O N 2 0 2 0 P R O J E C T S : P O R TA L

I S S U E S E V E N

49

S P E C I A L F E AT U R E : M AT E R I A L S

in 2006. JTIs pool the resources of private industry and EU and national

programmes to pursue ambitious common research objectives. The first

JTI to be launched was ARTEMIS in 2007, which steered Europe’s

research in embedded computing systems.

Under Horizon 2020, both the ARTEMIS and ENIAC JUs, as well as the

ETP on Smart Systems Integration (EPoSS), have been merged together

to form the new Electronic Components and Systems for European

Leadership (ECSEL) JU, itself taking the form of a JTI. This PPP draws

direct funding from the European Commission through Horizon 2020

in addition to industry, and is thus benefitting from a budget of nearly

€5bn during the course of the EU research and innovation framework

programme. The EU is investing nearly €1.2bn in the PPP, whilst

partners in the JU will contribute at least €2.34bn. Furthermore, the

Commission says ‘at least a similar amount will come from participating

EU member states’.

Existing across multiple sectors, the ETPs provide the Commission with

direct advice from key stakeholders, particularly industrial and

academic bodies. These platforms are helping to shape Horizon 2020,

and in some circumstances, are directly contributing and benefitting

from the EU research and innovation framework programme. With such

solid progression, the ETPs are demonstrating their key role in realising

innovation, knowledge transfer and improving European

competitiveness and providing a clear voice from sectors on the

research and innovation agenda.

electrical energy supply in the period to 2020.

In particular, the cost and energy payback

targets up to 2020 have been harmonised

with those of the Solar Europe Industry

Initiative and are reflected in the short term

research priorities.

‘The SRA identifies a wide range of research

topics to be undertaken to realise the full

potential of PV technologies, but it is gratifying

to see that much progress has already been

made since the first edition was published’.

Juncker plan

In January, it was announced that Professor

Marko Topicˇ, head of the laboratory of photo-

voltaics and optoelectronics at the University of

Ljubljana, Slovenia, had been elected chairman

of the European PVTP. At the time of his

election, the ETP commented that it “welcomed

President Juncker’s vision of Europe’s Energy

Union to become the world number one in

renewable energies”.

The ETP said the €315bn investment plan

should pave the way for the implementation of

the policy agenda of President Juncker, adding:

“Europe should sharpen framework conditions

to maintain a leading role as promoter of

effective policies and solutions, and the

opportunities offered by its industries as

providers of advanced technologies for a global

low carbon economy. Advances in technology

and efficiency give reasons for optimism, but

sustained political efforts will be essential to

change energy trends for the better and to

realise Europe’s vision.”

Converting the ETP

One of the recognisable and particular

successes of some of the ETPs is their

development into Joint Technology Initiatives

(JTI), which themselves play a key role in and

receive part of their funding from Horizon 2020.

Whilst ETPs allow public and private

stakeholders to jointly define research needs,

JTIs are a way of implementing large-scale

applied and industrial research activities based

in part on the needs identified by ETPs.

Both ARTEMIS and ENIAC began life as ETPs in

2004 before becoming Joint Undertakings (JU)

and the subsequent creation of the first JTI. The

idea for JTIs came from the Commission and

was supported by EU heads of state and

government at an informal summit in Finland

B R OW S E

www.ec.europa.eu/research/innovation- union/index_en.cfm?pg=etp/ www.nanofutures.eu www.eupvplatform.org

H O R I Z O N

2 0 2 0

The ARTEMIS and

ENIAC JUs, as well as

the ETP on Smart

Systems Integration,

have been merged to

form the new

ECSEL JU